my petit sommelier

Compilation of Resources for the Wine Professional and Enthusiast
 

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RED WINES
What is Red Wine?
Cabernet Sauvignon Wine Facts
Gamay Wine Facts
Malbec Wine Facts
Merlot Wine Facts
Pinot Noir Wine Facts
Shiraz Wine Facts
Petit Shiraz
Sangiovese Wine Facts
Tempranillo
Zinfandel Wine Facts
BLENDED WINES
What are Blended Wines?
Cotes du Rhone Blended Wines
GSM Blended Wines
Chateau de Beacastle 2005
2004 Grant Burge Abednego Shiraz Mourvedre Grenache
Red Meritage Blended Wines
WHITE WINES
About White Wines
Chardonnay
Chenin Blanc
Gewurztraminer 
Pinot Grigio
Riesling White
Sauvignon Blanc
Semillon
Viognier
DESERT WINES
What Are Dessert Wines?
Port Dessert Wines
Ice Dessert Wines
 Sherry Dessert Wines
 Moscato Dessert Wine
Late Harvest
Tokaji Aszu Desert Wines
French Sauternes
CHAMPAGNE
What is Sparkling Wine?
Opening Sparkling Wine Bottles
Champagne Making Process
Don Perignon Champagne Facts
 Cristal Champagne Facts
Veuve Clicquot Champagne Facts
Who was Champagne Charlie?
COMMON SENSORY DESCRIPTORS
Red Varietals
White Varietals
Varietal Profiles


RED WINES
What is Red Wine

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Cabernet Sauvignon Wine Facts
 

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Gamay Wine Facts
 
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Malbec Wine Facts
 
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 Merlot Wine Facts
 
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Pinot Noir Wine Facts
 
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Clos de Vougeot:
Decoding Burgundy's Biggest Grand Cru l Wine Spectator
 
 
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Shiraz Wine Facts
 
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Syrah versus Shiraz with Harry Constantinescu

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Petit Shiraz Wine Facts
 
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Sangiovese Wine Facts
 
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Tempranillo
 
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Zinfandel Wine Facts
 
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BLENDED WINES
What are Blended Wines?
 
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Cotes du Rhone Blended Wines
 
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Chateau de Beacastle 2005

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2004 Grant Burge Abednego Shiraz Mourvedre Grenache

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GSM Blended Wines
 
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Red Meritage
 
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WHITE WINES
About White Wines
 
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Chardonnay
 
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Chenin Blanc
 

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 Gewurztraminer

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Pinot Grigio
 
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Riesling
 
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Sauvignon Blanc

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Semillon
 
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Viognier
 
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DESERT WINES


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What Are Dessert Wines?
 
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Port Dessert Wines
 
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Sherry Dessert Wines
 
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Ice Dessert Wines
 
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Moscato Dessert Wine
 

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Late Harvest Wines

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Tokaji Aszu Desert Wines
 
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French Sauternes

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CHAMPAGNE
What is Sparkling Wine?
 
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Opening Sparkling Wine Bottles
 
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Champagne Making Process
 
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Don Perignon Champagne Facts
 
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Cristal Champagne Facts
 
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Veuve Clicquot Champagne Facts
 
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Who was Champagne Charlie?
 
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Red Grape Varietal's Sensory Descriptors

White Grape Varietals Sensory Descriptors

Varietal Profiles

Cabernet Sauvignon
Blackcurrants, chocolate, mint, tobacco.
Left Bank of Bordeaux, The Medoc

Fruit: black currant, blackberry, black cherry
Herbal: bell pepper, asparagus (methoxy-pyrazine), green olive
Spice: ginger, green peppercorn, pimento
Bottle Age: cedar, cigar box, musk, mushroom, earth, leather
Oak (light): vanilla, coconut, sweet wood
Oak (heavy): oak, smoke, toast, tar

Gamay
Banana, bubble-gum, red fruits.
Carbonic Maceration made this one famous in the South of Burdundy

Fruit: cherry, strawberry, raspberry
Floral: violet, rose petal
Oak (rarely): vanilla, coconut, sweet wood, oak, smoke, toast, tar
Carbonic Maceration: banana, bubblegum, cotton candy (spun sugar)

Merlot
Black cherry, plums, pepper, coffee.
What red varietal?
Right Bank of Bordeaux, St. Emilion & Pomerol

Fruit: currant, black cherry, plum
Herbal: bell pepper, green olive
Floral: violet, rose
Spice: caramel, clove, bay leaf, green peppercorn
Oak (light): vanilla, coconut, sweet wood
Oak (heavy): oak, smoke, toast, tar
Bottle Age: truffle, mushroom, earth, coffee, leather, cedar, cigar box

Pinot Noir
Raspberry, cherry, violets, 'farmyard'.
A Pinot Noir from Oregon

Fruit: cherry, strawberry, raspberry, ripe tomato
Terroir: mushroom, earth, barnyard, truffle, leather, meat
Floral: violet, rose petal
Spice: sassafras, rosemary, cinnamon, caraway, peppermint
Herbal: rhubarb, beet, oregano, green tomato, green tea, black olive
Oak (light): vanilla, coconut, sweet wood
Oak (heavy): oak, smoke, toast, tar
Bottle Age: cedar, cigar box

Sangiovese
Herbs, black cherry, leathery, earthy.
What red varietal?
Italian Sangiovese

Fruit: strawberry, blueberry, orange peel, plum
Floral: violet
Spice: cinnamon, clove, thyme
Oak (light): vanilla, sweet wood
Oak (heavy): oak, smoke, toast, tar

Syrah
Tobacco, pepper, blackberry, and usually some blue fruit as well.
What red varietal?
A Rhone Syrah

Fruit: black currant, blackberry
Floral: grass
Herbal: sandalwood, cedar
Spice: black pepper, licorice, clove, thyme, bay leaf
Terroir: musk, civet, truffle, earth
Oak (light): vanilla, coconut, sweet wood
Oak (heavy): oak, smoke, toast, tar
Bottle Age: cedar, cigar box, earth, leather

Zinfandel
Black cherry, mixed spices, mint, and also usually somewhat raisin characteristics.
Zinfandel probably from Croatia.

Fruit: raspberry, blackberry, boysenberry, cranberry, black cherry, (jammy can be used with all)
Spice: cinnamon, black pepper
Herbal: briar, licorice, nettle
Carbonic Maceration: tutti-frutti, candy, bubblegum
Oak (light): vanilla, coconut, sweet wood
Oak (heavy): oak, smoke, toast, tar
Bottle Age: musk, mushroom, earth, leather cedar, cigar box

Chardonnay
Butter, melon, apple, pineapple, vanilla.
Chardonnay from Napa

Stone Fruits: apple, pear, peach, apricot
Citric Fruits: lemon, lime, orange, tangerine
Tropical Fruits: pineapple, banana, mango, guava, kiwi
Floral: acacia, hawthorn
Terroir: flint, mineral, mint
Malolactic: butter, cream, hazelnut
Oak (heavy): oak, smoke, toast, lees, yeast
Oak (light): vanilla, sweet wood, coconut

Chenin Blanc
Wet wool, beeswax, honey, apple, almond.
Chenin Blanc Coteaux du Layon dessert wine from The Loire

Floral: honey, honeysuckle
Fruit: quince, melon, esp. Honeydew, cantaloupe
Mineral: flint, smoke
Herbal: grass, hay
Wood: vanilla, sweet wood, oak (not usually)
Aggressive: iodine, "gym socks"

Pinot Gris (Grigio)
Fruit: lemon, apple, pear
Floral: (vague)
Oak: vanilla, sweet wood, almond, smoke
Malolactic (unusual): butter, cream

Riesling
Citrus fruits, petrol, honey.
What white varietal?
Riesling from Germany

Floral: woodruff, rose petal, violet
Petroleum: terpentine, diesel, kerosene
Stone Fruits: apple, pear, peach, apricot
Mineral: flint, steel, gunmetal
Tropical Fruits: (not usually)

Sauvignon Blanc
Gooseberries, 'cat's pee', asparagus.
Sauvignon Blanc for the Loire and New Zealand

Herbaceous: grass, weeds, lemon-grass, gooseberry
Vegetal: bell pepper, green olive, asparagus, capsicum
Fruity: grapefruit, lime, melon
Malolactic: Butter, Cream
Oak (light): vanilla, sweet wood
Oak (heavy): oak, smoke, toast

Viogner
Peaches, pear, nutmeg, apricot.
Allowed in northern Rhone Red wine.

Floral: orange blossom, acacia, violet, honey
Herbal: mown hay, tobacco
Fruit: apricot, mango, pineapple, guava, kiwi, tangerine
Spice: anise, mint
Malolactic: butter, cream
Oak (light): vanilla, sweet wood
Oak (heavy): oak, smoke, toast

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Wine Tasting & Food Pairings with
“Miss Jane” Nickles

“Miss Jane” Nickles is the author of "Wine Speak 101", and a wine writer for "The Texas Wine and Food Gourmet", and "Eat and Drink Magazine".

Jane is a certified specialist of wine, recognized by the society of wine educators. "Miss Jane," as her students call her, is the Sommelier Instructor for the Texas Culinary Academy, and she presents her popular wine seminars at Wine Bars, Restaurants, and Culinary Festivals throughout the country.

winespeak101.com